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  • This working paper by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) considers how renewables and energy efficiency can work together to contribute to global energy decarbonisation by 2050. It also looks and how this synergy affects energy system and technology cost, and the effect it has on air pollution and avoidance of adverse health effects caused by these pollutants. The paper looks in detail at the five largest energy users – China, Germany, India, Japan and the United States – up to 2030. Together, these five countries represent two-thirds of the G20’s primary energy supply and around half of global energy demand. IRENA’s working paper proposes actions to strengthen synergies as a step towards a sustainable and affordable energy future. The annex provides in-depth technical findings for the five countries. The paper also forms parts of IRENA’s global renewable energy roadmap analysis.

    Read more: http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_REmap_Synergies_REEE_2017.pdf

  • This guide focuses on strategies, key activities, tools, financing and engagement that result in structuring a district energy (DE) system that is well-planned, designed, built and operated throughout the major stages of its lifecycle, often many decades long. Based on case studies from Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, South Korea, Netherlands, Sweden, UK and USA, this report draws on best practices, experience and enabling policy to focus on the challenges and benefits of the various governance and financing models in place around the world today. It also identifies the major drivers for project development or reinvestment, to explore how different aspects of projects have motivated certain stakeholders to support these long and complex processes. This report will outline which benefits have been prime drivers and which governance and financial structures have helped produce different benefits to different stakeholders. The intent is to provide multiple lenses through which a city, campus, or neighborhood can view their unique DE challenges and opportunities. Every effort has been made to identify the aspects of these structures that are transferable to other locations, and to emphasize the findings, lessons, and approaches that are relevant and actionable for localities around the world.

    Read more: http://www.districtenergy.org/HigherLogic/System/DownloadDocumentFile.ashx?DocumentFileKey=e24e4c4e-3cd8-825e-d1eb-518dc945632c&forceDialog=0